Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Congridae
(Conger and garden eels) > Congrinae
Etymology: Gnathophis: Greek, gnathos = jaw + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); neocaledoniensis: Named for its type locality, near New Caledonia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 520 - 580 m (Ref. 54804). Deep-water
Western Pacific: New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54804)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 160;
Vertebrae: 142 - 145. Diagnosis: Fins are light. The second pore of lateral line is elevated while the pores above the pectoral fin are not. Vertebrae 142-145; trunk vertebrae 45-47. Lateral line pores to vent 37-38. Supraorbital canal 6; suborbital canal 8; preoperculomandibular canal 10; occipital commissure 3. The stomach is light and peritoneum silvery (Ref. 54804).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karmovskaya, E.S., 2004. Benthopelagic bathyal conger eels of families Congridae and Nettastomatidae from the Western Tropical Pacific, with descriptions of ten new species. J. Ichthyol. 44(1):S1-S32. (Ref. 54804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.7 - 9.8, mean 8.2 (based on 23 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00063 (0.00028 - 0.00142), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .