Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); pseudotile: Named for its close similarity in external morphology with Gymnothorax tile (Hamilton 1822).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: India, West Bengal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 126 - 129. This species is distinguished by the following characters: robust body; anus at about mid-body; long head; blunt snout with large eye located slightly closer to rictus than to tip of snout; lower jaw is slightly shorter than upper jaw; gill opening broadly rounded, positioned below lateral midline; dorsal-fin origin is above posterior half of gill opening; both dorsal and anal fin are low, with pale margin; intermaxillary teeth in 3 longitudinal rows, with median row of 3 depressible fang like teeth and a single row of 6 teeth on each side; colour dark brown dorsally with small white dots scattered all over and ventral part pale whitish with small brown spots without reticulations; infraorbital pores 3; predorsal vertebrae 12-13, preanal vertebrae 56-59, total vertebrae 126-129 (Ref. 115849).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mohapatra, A., D.G. Smith, D. Ray, S.S. Mishra and S.R. Mohanty, 2017. Gymnothorax pseudotile sp. nov. (Muraenidae: Muraeninae) from Bay of Bengal India. Zootaxa 4286(4). (Ref. 115849)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .