Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on author: Starks.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 52607). Tropical
Southwest Atlantic: Southeastern Brazil, including Trinidade Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114982)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11. Juveniles and females with wide black stripe through eye to base of tail, bordered above by prominent pinkish-brown line; white scales with orange spots on lower half of the body . Adult males primarily green with scales bordered by pink and a black spot on anterior part of the dorsal fin. Narrow (<0.5 mm width) orange stripes on lower half of head, from mouth to gill opening. One pair of enlarged canine teeth anteriorly in the lower jaw (Ref. 52607).
Common in coral and rocky reef tops to depths of 30 meters and often solitary or in pairs (Ref. 52607). Photo of individual from Brazil (Toque-Toque Beach, municipality of São Sebastião, state of São Paulo), 10.5 cm TL in length (T. Vaske, Jr. pers.comm. 2011).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Rocha, L.A., 2004. Mitochondrial DNA and color pattern variation in three Western Atlantic Halichoeres (Labridae), with the revalidation of two species. Copeia 2004(4):770-782. (Ref. 52607)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00473 - 0.01397), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .