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Heptapterus mandimbusu Aguilera, Benitez, Terán, Alonso & Mirande, 2017

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Heptapterus mandimbusu
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Heptapteridae (Three-barbeled catfishes)
Etymology: Heptapterus: Greek, epta = seven + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335);  mandimbusu: From two words of the Guaraní language, mandí, meaning catfish and mbusu, meaning eel, in reference to its body form and the vernacular name used in Argentina to refer to Heptapterus (bagre anguila). Apposition of two nouns.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Melo stream, Uruguay River basin in northeastern Argentina.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116411)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal soft rays: 14 - 18; Vertebrae: 47. Heptapterus mandimbusu can be diagnosed from its congeners by having a unique coloration pattern consisting of aggregated melanophores scattered on dorsal and lateral surfaces of body, forming conspicuous blotches of variable size (vs. this color pattern absent in other congeners). Heptapterus bleekeri, H. fissipinnis, H. multiradiatus, H. mustelinus, H. qenqo, H. stewarti, H. sympterigium and H. tapanahoniensis possess a uniform earth-brown coloration pattern (with some irregular markings on head and sometimes indistinct on back in H. bleekeri); while H. mbya has grayish and H. ornaticeps has blackish uniform coloration pattern. It differs from other congeners in Argentinean basins by having longer interdorsal distance (13.8-18.9 % SL vs. 3.1-5.0 % SL in H. mustelinus, 9.5-13.2 % SL in H. qenqo, and 5.8-8.3 % SL in H. mbya), 47 free vertebrae (vs. 51- 52 in H. qenqo; 51-53 in H. mbya), caudal peduncle depth is shallower than in H. qenqo (13.8-19.3 % SL vs. 19.8-25.4 % SL), and the adipose-fin base is shorter than in H. mbya (33.8-41.5 % SL vs. 47.4-58.55 % SL). It can be further distinguished from H. mustelinus by having shorter distance between the anal-fin origin and hypural plate (32.9-39.1 % SL vs. 39.6-45.7 % SL), a longer distance between the origins of pelvic and pectoral fins (24.5-28.1 % SL vs. 20.4-24.2 % SL), a shorter adipose-fin base (33.8-41.5 % SL vs. 51.5-59.6 % SL), a shorter anal-fin base (15.7-20.9 % SL vs. 20.9-28.0 % SL), a smaller orbital diameter (10.3-14.1 % HL vs. 15.0-19.9 % HL), and a lower number of anal-fin rays (14-18 vs 18-22). It differs from H. stewarti and H. sympterygium by its dorsal fin never reaching the adipose fin; from H. bleekeri, H. fissipinnis, H. multiradiatus, H. ornaticeps, H. stewarti, and H. sympterygium by having lower number of anal-fin rays (14-18 vs. 20-22 in H. bleekeri; 23 in H. fissipinnis; 38-46 in H. multiradiatus; 19; 30 in H. ornaticeps, and 22-29 in H. stewarti); from H. bleekeri, H. fissipinnis, H. multiradiatus, H. stewarti, H. sympterigium, and H. ornaticeps by the shorter maxillary barbel length that never reaches the pectoral fin, even in small juveniles; and from H. tapanahoniensis by the higher number of vertebrae (47 vs. 43) and branchiostegal rays (8-9 vs. 7) and the adipose fin confluent with the caudal fin (vs. separated). The monospecific genus Acentronichthys Eigenmann & Eigenmann, probably allied to Heptapterus due to the share of an elongated body and the adipose fin confluent to caudal fin, can be differentiated from Heptapterus mandimbusu by having caudal fin deeply forked (vs. distal profile of caudal fin slanted) (Ref. 116411).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

At the type locality, this species occurs in stream with clear water, current velocity, and structure consisting of sequences of pools of 1 to 1.5 meters and shallow riffles, surrounded by native vegetation (Ref. 116411).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Bockmann, Flavio | Collaborators

Aguilera, G., M. Benitez, G.E. Terán, F. Alonso and J.M. Mirande, 2017. A new species of Heptapterus Bleeker 1858 (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae) from the Uruguay River Basin in Misiones, Northeastern Argentina. Zootaxa 4299(4):572-580. (Ref. 116411)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00354 - 0.01702), b=2.98 (2.80 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .