Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Holohalaelurus: Greek 'Holos' meaning entire, referring to the lack of labial folds, and the genus Halaelurus, for which Holohalaelurus was proposed as a subgenus of by Fowler (1934).; regani: Named for a Mr. Regan, who described many South African fish (Ref. 75585).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 1075 m (Ref. 75585), usually 150 - 300 m (Ref. 75585). Deep-water; 4°S - 37°S
Indian Ocean from Durban, kwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwards and westwards to Cape Agulhas; westward into the Atlantic Ocean; northwards to southeast of Lüderitz, Namibia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 69.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 0. A broad-headed catshark with crowded dark brown spots on a yellowish background, producing a net-like pattern of light lines; underside white with small black pores; no labial furrows (Ref. 5578). Specimens less than 23 cm TL blackish with white side spots (Ref. 5578).
Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slope, on or near the bottom (Ref. 244). This species has been reported to prefer temperate to cool temperate waters, but may also be found in subtropical waters; apparently prefer 200-300 m depths on the west coast and 100-200 m depths on the south coast; and, a common by catch of demersal trawlers (Ref. 75585). Feeds mainly on pelagic bony fishes, also fish offal, hagfish eggs, crustaceans, and cephalopods (Ref. 5578). Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with one egg laid per oviduct at a time (Ref. 5578). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 15.8, mean 10.5 (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00159 - 0.00631), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .