Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Hybognathus: Greek, ybos, -e, -on = curved + Greek, gnathos = jaw; with bulging jaw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 51°N - 36°N
North America: Missouri River basin in Alberta, Canada and Montana to Missouri, Mississippi River from mouth of Missouri River to mouth of Ohio River, USA; South Saskatchewan River (Hudson Bay) in extreme southern Alberta, Canada.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sluggish pools and backwaters, usually over mud or sand, of small to large rivers (Ref. 86798). Oviparous, open substratum spawners (Ref. 205, 52559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00236 - 0.01065), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .