Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Jordanella: Because of C. Basil Jordan, American zoologist (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 13371); 31°N - 26°N
North America: St. Johns and Ochlocknee River drainages south to peninsular Florida, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)
In vegetated sloughs, ponds, lakes, and sluggish streams; enters brackish water. 6.5 cm max TL (Ref. 5723). In Guinness Book of Records as the fish with the fewest eggs (20 eggs are spawned over a period of several days) (Ref. 6472). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Males care for the eggs (Ref. 57667). Lays up to 100 eggs in the aquarium (Ref. 7020). The male does a 'T-dance' with a receptive female and the female lays her eggs over algal-covered rocks where they adhere by their sticky thread. In the laboratory, this was simulated by using a green orlon wool wrapped glass plate - males will continuously guard the eggs on this, fanning with their fins to keep eggs clean and aerated (D. Holdway, pers. com 2006).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01193 - 0.03338), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=100 (aquarium)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .