Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfish) > Kneriidae
Etymology: Kneria: From Kner, that studied fishes in the Imperial Museum of Vienna, with Jean Natterer (1817) (Ref. 45335); sjolandersi: The name is dedicated to Mr. David Sjölanders of the 1948-49 Angola Expedition of the Göteborg Museum (Ref. 11970). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Rio Cubal (Bero River tributary) and streams in the Serra da Chela mountains (part of the Bero and possibly also Coroca River drainages) in Angola (Ref. 11970).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3565)
soft rays: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: body relatively compact, with short and wide head (body height 4.5-5.85 times and head length 4.25-5.7 times in SL); snout length 2.95-3.75 times in HL; eye small, its diameter 3.85-5.0 times in HL, 1.15-1.45 times in snout length; interorbital distance 2.75-3.15 times in HL; male opercular organ with small, concentric protuberances; dorsal fin origin slightly closer to caudal fin origin than to tip of snout and slightly behind pelvic fin origin; anal fin base 1-1.4 times further from pelvic fins than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fin 1-1.2 times and pelvic fin 1-1.15 times in HL; caudal peduncle short, less than 2 times longer than deep (Ref. 11970).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .