Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
(Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Kottelatlimia: Named for M. Kottelat, present ichthyologist + see under Limia; hipporhynchos: Name refers to the long, horse-like snout of the large specimens, similar to genus Acamtopsis (horse-face loaches); noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 1°S - 2°S, 112°E - 114°E
South East Asia: Borneo, Malaysia. Known only from southern Borneo (Kalimantan Tengah province), in Kahayan, Sampit and Kapuas basins (homonym of the much larger Kapuas of Kalimantan Barat) (Ref. 79884).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79884)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 34 - 36. Kottelatlimia hipporhynchos is distinguished from congeners by the extreme development of papillae on all mouth parts (lips, barbels, lobes), including very long papillae along the anterior edge of the main digitation of the median lobe of the lower lip (vs. smooth mouth parts, no papillae along edge of main digitation. Further, in males, K. hipporhynchos is distinguished from K. pristes by the posterior projections of the upper hemitrichium of the first branched pectoral-fin ray being broad, contiguous and forming a blade-like structure. In K. pristes, these projections (except the proximal ones) are pointed and directed backwards, spine-like, not contiguous, appearing as a saw-like structure. In K. katik, the projections of the upper hemitrichium of the first branched pectoral-fin ray are narrow and form 6–7 fine serrae (Ref. 79884).
Found in various habitats, with different substrates (including peat), but most abundant in streams with clear tannin-stained water on white sandy bottom; observed resting on the sand substrate or diving into it. This species has occasionally been collected at the same localities as Kottelatlimia pristes, but it does not occupy the same habitat, the latter was not observed on sandy substrate but on or inside peat, soil and leave litter (Ref. 79884).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and H.H. Tan, 2008. Kottelatlimia hipporhynchos, a new species of loach from southern Borneo (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Zootaxa 1967:63-72. (Ref. 79884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00249 - 0.01211), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .