Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Lithoxus: Greek, lithos = stone + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335); jantjae: Named for the author's mother, nicknamed Jantje prior to her emigration from the Netherlands, in deep appreciation for her hard work and material and emotional encouragement that promoted his professional development and made his research possible.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: above Tencua Falls, Ventuari River of the upper Orinoco in Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79075)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Distinguished from all congeners by having 12 branched caudal-fin rays; from all Lithoxus except Lithoxus lithoides by having four branched anal-fin rays, and five interdorsal plates; from all Lithoxus except Lithoxus lithoides and Lithoxus stocki by having a convex posterior membranous extension of the adipose fin; from all Lithoxus except Lithoxus lithoides and Lithoxus bovallii by having medial premaxillary teeth with an enlarged and widened cusp; from all Lithoxus except Lithoxus lithoides, Lithoxus stocki and Lithoxus boujardi by having an obliquely truncate to slightly emarginate caudal; from Lithoxus lithoides by having a mode of 24 supramedian plates and a mode of 18 (range 16-25) hypertrophied cheek odontodes; and from Lithoxus pallidimaculatus and Lithoxus surinamensis by the presence of adipose fin (Ref. 79075).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lujan, N.K., 2008. Description of a new Lithoxus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Guayana Highlands with a discussion of Guiana Shield biogeography. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(3):413-418. (Ref. 79075)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00370 - 0.01627), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .