Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Saccopharyngiformes
(Swallowers and gulpers) > Monognathidae
Etymology: Monognathus: Greek, monos = one + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335); ozawai: Named for Takakazu Ozawa who allowed the authors to describe the only Japanese specimen of this rare genus. More on authors: Bertelsen & Nielsen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: Only known from the type locality south of the Ryukyu Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 66. M. ozawai differs from the other species of the genus by the following combination of characters: head short, snout blunt and short, skull length 5.5% TL, rostral fang with dorsal profile slightly convex forming an almost straight line with frontal profile of skull, dorsal fin origin above myomere number 5, anal fin origin below dorsal fin ray number 40 and pectoral fin about 1% TL.
Pelagic, caught in an open ring trawl (Ref. 34506).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E. and J.G. Nielsen, 1987. The deep sea eel family Monognathidae (Pisces, Anguilliformes). Steenstrupia, 13(4):141-198. (Ref. 34506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .