Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: sanguifluus: Name from the words sangui, meaning blood, and fluum, flowing (Ref. 10294). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 38°N - 35°N
North America: known only from the middle Cumberland River drainages (Rockcastle River in Kentucky to Caney Fork in Tennessee) in Kentucky and Tennessee, USA. Previously regarded as a subspecies of Etheostoma maculatum (Ref. 3814).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723)
Inhabits fast rocky riffles of small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723); also found in creeks (Ref. 10294). Rakes et al. (1999) reported results of captive propagation this species from the Big South Fork, Tennessee: eggs were adhesive, 1.5-1.8 mm in diameter, deposited in the crevice of joined ceramic tiles; approximately 20 eggs were deposited per mating event and eggs were clumped together; larvae were phototactic and pelagic for 5-21 days before becoming benthic (Ref. 93269).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .