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Notoraja martinezi Concha, Ebert & Long, 2016

Barbedwire-tailed skate
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Notoraja martinezi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae (Skates)
Etymology: Notoraja: Greek, noton = back + Latin, raja = fish, Raja sp. (Ref. 45335);  martinezi: Named for Jimmy Martínez, an Ecuadorian Biologist.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1256 - 1472 m (Ref. 117110).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific, between Costa Rica and Ecuador.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117110); 34.6 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This heart-shaped, medium-size species is distinguished by the following characters: dark brownish dorsal and ventral surface; the disc is slightly wider 54.7 (51.7-55.2) %TL than long 51.6 (49.0-54.3) %TL; dorsal head length 21.3 (18.9-20.4) %TL; interspiracular width 6.3 (6.6-7.6) %TL; internarial space 8.4 (6.6-7.9) %TL; preorbital length 14.9 (13.0-14.9) %TL, 4.4 (3.8-4.9) times orbit length and 3.0 (2.9-3.3) times distance between eyes (interorbital space); tail width at pelvic fin axil 1.5 (1.3-1.4) times its height; presence of a single, strong, hook-like, angled posteriorly preorbital thorn; disk with small, fine denticles, randomly distributed, slightly more abundant on the sides of the caudal region; long claspers (cloacal length) 23.8% TL and slim; long and slender tail, covered with abundant strong, thin, non aligned and posteriorly angled thorns, which differs from all other congeners; thin lateral tail folds merging at tail axil, thinner than tail width at any point and enlarged posteriorly; nasal lobes are expanded, nasal curtain maximum width 8.4 (7.8-9.5) %TL; anterior pelvic-fin lobe is longer than posterior 13.1 (16.2-16.8) %TL and 10.1 (7.8-9.8)% TL when straightened (shorter than posterior in natural position though); total pectoral-fin radials 65 (63-65); monospondylus centra 25 (24-26); predorsal diplospondylous centra 58 (60-65); total predorsal centra 83 (85-91); caudal centra 20 (22-25) total centra 118 (123-128) (Ref. 117110).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Female maturity and size at birth not known (but the smallest specimen taken was 24.3 cm TL) (Ref. 117110).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Concha, F.J., D.A. Ebert and D.J. Long, 2016. Notoraja martinezi sp. nov., a new species of deepwater skate and the first record of the genus Notoraja Ishiyama, 1958 (Rajiformes: Arhynchobatidae) from the eastern Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 4098(1):179-190. (Ref. 117110)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .