Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Onychostoma: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); dongnaiensis: Named in reference to its type locality, middle Dong Nai drainage.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.6. Tropical; 26°C - 28°C (Ref. 102622)
Asia: Middle Dong Nai drainage in Vietnam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102622)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Onychostoma dongnaiensis can be diagnosed from other species of Onychostoma by a combination of the following characters: mouth wide (width 1.4?1.6 times in HW); 14-15 predorsal scales; body depth high (3.1?3.4 times in SL); eye diameter small (4.2?4.9 times in HL), barbels absent in adults and juveniles; dorsal fin with a strong serrated last simple ray; and dorsal-fin length high (3.8?4.5 times in SL) (Ref. 102622).
Inhabits clear water but also lives in silty water. Occurs in swift currents over bedrock, large boulders and cobble substrates covered with periphyton. Feeds on algae and animals living in the algae. Shares habitat with Mystacoleucus obtusirostris, Osteochilus vittatus, Poropuntius deauratus, Channa gachua, Yasuhikotakia morleti, and Acantopsis dialuzona. The following water conditions were recorded: Dissolved oxygen 82.7?91.4%; conductivity 12?25 ?S.cm-1 ; and flow velocity 0.12?0.77 m/s (Ref. 102622).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hoang, H.D., H.M. Pham and N.T. Tran, 2015. Two new species of shovel-jaw carp Onychostoma (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3962(1):123-138. (Ref. 102622)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .