Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phallichthys: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 3 - 10. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Upper San Juan River in Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880); 3.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Robust body, with moderate depth; slightly oval. Gonopodium long with apex not reaching the base of the tail. Sides with 8 - 10 dark bars, especially evident in males and young. Ground color is brown, dorsal fin has a black blotch posteriorly (Ref. 36880).
Inhabits slow flowing waters that are only rarely deeper than 30 cm and connected to standing marshy area; over muddy bottoms (Ref. 26130, 36880). Lives between 35 and 600 m elevation at temperatures of 23-30°C. Swims in small groups near the surface of turbid waters, on the shoreline or among the undergrowth. Feeds on unicellular algae, diatoms, ooze and sometimes insect larvae (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wischnath, L., 1993. Atlas of livebearers of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., United States of America. 336 p. (Ref. 26130)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00300 - 0.01669), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.21 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .