Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phenacobius: Greek, phenax, -akos = deceptive + Greek, bios = life (Ref. 45335); uranops: uranops, meaning star-gazing (Ref. 10294). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 38°N - 34°N
North America: Upper Green, middle Cumberland, and Tennessee River drainages in Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Phenacobius uranops resembles the riffle minnow, P. catostomus, but can be distinguished by having more elongated body, longer snout, more elliptical eye, 52-61 scales on lateral line, and 13-16 scales around caudal peduncle (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits gravel and rubble runs and riffles of clear, fast creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on dipteran and caddis larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00318 - 0.01574), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .