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Pseudobatos prahli (Acero, P. & Franke, 1995)

Gorgona guitarfish
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Pseudobatos prahli
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 70 m (Ref. 26282).   Tropical; 14°N - 6°S, 92°W - 82°W (Ref. 114953)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: from Mexico and from north-western Costa Rica to northern Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101827); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 37888)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Rostral cartilage distally enlarged; anterior nasal prolongations reaching medial margin of nostrils; posterior margin of spiracle with 2 folds, the medial one rudimentary; a line of about 77 prickles between nuchal region and first dorsal fin; 3 or 4 prickles on shoulders, few tubercles on snout and small prickles on anterior margin of orbits; body covered dorsally with about 80 white dots (3 to 5 mm in diameter) over a brown body; underbody white except snout with a black diamond shape blotch, extending backward laterally (Ref. 13259).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Living individuals reported to be in sandy and rocky environments near coral-reefs at 18-24 m depth of the Colombian coast (Ref. 101827). In contrast the type specimen was taken from a depth of 70 m (Ref. 26282). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Males mature at ca. 71 cm TL (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 03 March 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00166 - 0.00548), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .