Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: saurisqualus: Named for its vernacular name, lizard catshark, 'saurus' (= lizard) and 'squalus' (= shark).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 122 - 435 m (Ref. 56497). Deep-water
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 69 cm
Max length : 58.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56497); 69.2 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: This species is differs from S. tenuis in size at maturity, males 57.8 cm (vs. 42.8) and females 69.2 cm (vs. 37); maximum total length , males 58.8 cm (vs. 46.8) and females 69.2 cm (vs. 42.6); color pattern presence of white spots (vs. none); in having longer interdorsal space, 20.7-22.3% (vs. 17.2-20.6%); longer pelvic-anal space 19.2-20.8% (vs. 14.7-19.4%); dermal denticles morphology, rounded (vs. pointed); and, greater number of vertebrae, 120-123 (vs. 108-113) (Ref. 56497).
Found in deep-reef habitat on the continental slope, generally in depths greater than 250 meters (122-435 m), with deepwater gorgonians, hard corals, tube sponges, crinoids, ophiuroids, and a great number of sympatric scyliorhinid shark Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Ref. 56497). Oviparous (Ref. 50449); with one egg per oviduct laid at a time. Egg capsule grayish olive (fresh) to brownish (fixed), with filamentous superficial texture (Ref. 56497).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Soto, J.M.R., 2001. Schroederichthys saurisqualus sp. nov., (Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae) a new species of catshark from southern Brazil, with further data on Schroederichthys species. Mare Magnum 1(1):37-50. (Ref. 56497)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 18.1, mean 15.5 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00169 - 0.00649), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec = 2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .