Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 39°N - 6°S, 70°E - 138°E (Ref. 168)
Indo-West Pacific: west coast of India and Sri Lanka along the continental shelf eastward to Sumatra, Indonesia and Singapore, and northward to China, Korea (Ref. 9684) and Wakasa Bay, Sea of Japan. Does not extend past Sumatra in the East Indies (Ref. 9684).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 75 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); common length : 60.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 168)
(total): 14 - 17;
soft rays: 20 - 24;
Vertebrae: 46 - 47. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line with many auxiliary branches extending dorsally and ventrally in anterior third, gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 4 folds and 5 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. Sides silvery with spots scattered along lateral median line.
Feeds on small schooling fishes, such as sardines and anchovies and on shrimps. This species makes up an important part of the drift net fishery in Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar. Marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9684).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.1 - 28.6, mean 27.3 °C (based on 823 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00390 - 0.01858), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.2 [11.1, 106.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.649 [0.308, 1.573] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.6 [19.4, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.297 [0.182, 0.485] g/100g ; Selenium = 81.4 [25.1, 235.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.2 [5.2, 114.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.661 [0.405, 1.160] mg/100g (wet weight);