Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); raoulensis: Named for its type locality, Raoul Island. More on authors: Duffy & Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range ? - 320 m (Ref. 58439). Tropical
Southwest Pacific: known only from the upper insular slope west of Napier Island (off Raoul Island) and north of Raoul Island on the Kermadec Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58439); 72.9 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following combination of characters: width of mouth 2.4 - 2.7 times horizontal prenarial length; direct pre-second dorsal length 3.6 - 4 times pectoral-fin anterior margin, 2.7 - 2.9 times dorsal caudal margin; preoral length 3 - 3.2 times horizontal prenarial length, 2.3 - 2.5 times internarial width; bifurcate anterior nasal flap; first dorsal fin upright and rounded apically; dorsal-fin spines not robust, width of exposed bases 0.6 - 0.7% TL: first dorsal-fin height 1.2 - 1.4 times its inner margin length; second dorsal-fin height 0.85 - 0.93 times its inner margin length; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.7 - 1.8 times its inner margin length; preventral caudal margin 1.7 - 2.3 times inner margin of pelvic fin; caudal fin pale with strongly demarcated, whitish posterior margin, no caudal bar; flank denticles unicuspid; monospondylous centra 41-43, precaudal centra 84-85, total centra 112-113; maximum adult size at least 73 cm TL (Ref. 58439).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Duffy, C.A.J. and P.R. Last, 2007. Squalus raoulensis sp. Nov., a new spurdog of the 'megalops-cubensis group' from the Kermadec Ridge. pp. 31-38. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58439)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00153 - 0.00716), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .