Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range - 3 m (Ref. 4391), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 25°N - 35°S, 35°E - 143°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to southern Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4391)
Adults inhabit lagoon and outer reefs in shallow areas exposed to mild or moderate surge. Feed on benthic algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Highly territorial (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2458 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01060 - 0.05683), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 57.9 [36.0, 88.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.62 [0.41, 0.98] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.13 [0.09, 0.19] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [15.9, 48.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65.9 [20.8, 196.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.29 [0.88, 1.87] mg/100g (wet weight);