Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: .ocellicaudus: Name from Latin word meaning eyepot-tailed, referring to its most distinctive feature. More on authors: Allen, Kuiter & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 30 m (Ref. 11893), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea and Maumere Bay, Flores, Indonesia and Philippines; also known from Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji and Australia (Ref. 90102).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by having D VII-I,9; A II,8; pectoral rays 14; lateral line scales 24; predorsal scales 5; gill rakers 3+15 (rarely14), excluding 2-3 rudiments on upper limb; preopercular margin serrate; preopercular ridge very weakly serrate around angle; body depth 2.9-3.4 in SL; semi-transparent in life with blackish tripe on snout and prominent ocellated black spot covering most of the caudal-fin base (Ref. 11893).
Occurs on sand or rubble slopes. Seen during the day around ledges at the base of large coral formations. In pairs or groups (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., R.H. Kuiter and J.E. Randall, 1994. Descriptions of five new species of cardinalfishes (Apogonidae: Apogon) from Maumere Bay, Flores, Indonesia and surrounding regions. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 21(1-2):27-38. (Ref. 11893)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 124 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.26 (3.04 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .